Criminal Law


For many years, I was a circuit judge.  I have now retired and so have removed the directions for summing up which used to appear on this page.

Summing up for juries 

Summing up for juries (directing them on the law and summarising the evidence) is one of the most important functions that circuit judges and recorders perform in any criminal trial. You can read my views about how judges can make jurors' tasks easier by giving written directions with sign-posts to verdict in my Criminal Law Review article Summing Up - a Judge's Perspective.


Knife Crime

Click here for my thoughts about knife crime .


Restorative Justice

Click here for a paper on Restorative Justice which I delivered in French to a colloque at the Universite Catholique de Lyon in November 2017.